Fill the frame 

A cluttered picture distracts the eye, drawing the viewer away from the subject. But you can single out an item or items from their surroundings by focusing in on your subject or getting close to it – a simple yet effective way of enhancing your images.

Whitireia Performing Arts performing at Koowhiti - Matariki Festival of Māori Contemporary Dance, Kate Whitley, 2010.

Cluttered image

Whitireia Performing Arts performing at Koowhiti - Matariki Festival of Māori Contemporary Dance, Kate Whitley, 2010.

Whitireia  Performing Arts performing at Koowhiti - Matariki Festival of Maori Contemporary Dance, Kate Whitley, 2010.
Uncluttered image

Whitireia Performing Arts performing at Koowhiti - Matariki Festival of Māori Contemporary Dance, Kate Whitley, 2010.

See how Brake has filled the frame in these two images: 

 

Woman in Heian Period costume, Festival of the Ages, Kyoto, Japan. Taken for a series on Japan for 'Life' 1963, Brake, Brian (1927–1988), Kyoto. Gift of Wai Man Lau, 2010. Te Papa
Woman in Heian Period costume, Festival of the Ages, Kyoto, Japan. Taken for a series on Japan for 'Life' 1963, Brake, Brian (1927–1988), Kyoto. Gift of Wai Man Lau, 2010. Te Papa

'Monsoon girl' [Aparna Sen] 1960, Brake, Brian (1927–1988), India. Gift of Mr Raymond Wai-Man Lau, 2001. Te Papa
'Monsoon girl' [Aparna Sen] 1960, Brake, Brian (1927–1988), India. Gift of Mr Raymond Wai-Man Lau, 2001. Te Papa