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Tuhinga: Information for authors

Find information about key publication dates, our peer review process, guidelines for submission of papers, and directions for in-house authors. 

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About Tuhinga

Tuhinga: Records of the Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa is Te Papa’s peer-reviewed academic journal. It publishes original scientific and cultural research by Te Papa staff or on Te Papa’s collections. Papers are published across a range of different disciplines to reflect the breadth and range of Te Papa’s scholarship and collections.

All submissions and major publishing decisions are overseen by an editorial board, comprising curators or researchers from each of the main disciplines, the Head of Research, and library and publishing staff from Te Papa.

Tuhinga is published annually and is available for free download via the Te Papa website. The journal is open access and working towards a Creative Commons licence.

Read the current issue – Tuhinga 32

Peer review

Once a paper has been accepted as suitable for Tuhinga, it will be sent to two referees for independent peer review. The referees’ recommendations will be forwarded to the author, who will revise their paper accordingly. Authors who do not wish to comply with some or all suggestions by referees must detail their reasons in writing. The referees’ recommendations will inform the editorial board’s final decision about whether to accept a paper for publication.

Authors will be expected to make any revisions promptly to meet the publication timetable.

Refereeing will be anonymous, unless the referees wish to disclose their identities.

Guidelines for submission of papers

Submit your manuscript to Te Papa.
Contact Tuhinga Editor

Please submit an electronic manuscript as a Word document that includes all relevant tables and captions. The approximate placement of tables, graphs and figures should be indicated in the text.

Illustrations should be sent as separate low-resolution files (JPGs) with the submission. High-resolution electronic files will be required for the final delivery of the revised manuscript (see below under ‘Illustrations’).

General guidelines

  • Word limit is 7,500 words (including tables, appendices, etc). A paper above this word limit will be accepted at the board’s discretion.
  • The title should be short, accurate and informative.
  • Each paper should begin with an abstract of 100–150 words and a maximum of 10 keywords.
  • Headings should not be too numerous, and the heading hierarchy should be kept to a minimum. Headings should use minimal capitals and should not be numbered.
  • Macrons should be used for Māori words.
  • The Māori dictionary Te Aka is our preferred reference source for the correct use of macrons.
  • No Oxford comma.
  • Tuhinga is produced at A4 page size with double columns. Illustrations and tables should therefore be designed to fit a full page, a page width or a column width. Illustrations should be numbered consecutively as figures, regardless of whether they are line drawings, colour or black and white.
  • All illustrations and tables must be referred to in the text. The following formats may be used:

             (Table 1) or Table 1 shows …

             (Fig. 1) or As indicated in Figure 1 …

  • Captions should follow the format:

              Fig. 1: Description (credit details [where appropriate])

In systematic papers, full citations to publications that include original descriptions of species and genera discussed in the text or listed in synonymies should be listed under the references.


The references section should include and be limited to all material cited within the body of the paper – in the text, tables, notes, appendices, etc.

Referencing must be according to one of the two following styles:

  • author–date (for scientific papers)
  • notes and bibliography (for humanities papers).

Publication titles should use minimal capitals.


The author–date style is preferred by those in the physical, natural and social sciences.

All publications included in the references section must be cited within the body of the paper – in the text, tables, appendices, etc. They need to be cited as in the following examples, with text citations in the form: ‘(Jones 1999: 26)’ or ‘Jones (1999: 26) commented that…’. Titles of journals and books should be given in full, including their complete pagination.


Palma, R.L. (1991). A new species of Rallicola (Insecta: Phthiraptera: Philopteridae) from the North Island brown kiwi. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 21(4): 313–322.


Ewing, H.E. (1929). A manual of external parasites. London: Baillière, Tindall & Cox. i-xvi + 225 pp.

Chapter in book

Murray, M.D., Palma, R.L. and Pilgrim, R.L.C. (1993).  Ectoparasites of Australian, New Zealand and Antarctic birds. Pp. 959–962 in Marchant, S. & Higgins, P.J. (edsHandbook of Australian, New Zealand and Antarctic birds (Vol. 2). Melbourne: Oxford University Press. i-xiii + 984 pp.

Please do not use footnotes. Endnotes should be kept to a minimum and provided in the form of a list of notes, numbered consecutively and presented after the acknowledgements and before the references.

Notes and bibliography

The notes and bibliography style is preferred by many in the humanities, including those in literature, history and the arts. This style presents bibliographic information in notes and often in a bibliography as well.


In an endnote, list the specific page numbers consulted, if any. In the bibliography, list the page range for the whole article.

  1. Joshua I. Weinstein, ‘The market in Plato’s republic’, Classical philology 104 (2009): 440.
  2. Weinstein, ‘Plato’s republic,’ 452–53.

Weinstein, Joshua I. ‘The market in Plato’s republic’. Classical philology 104 (2009): 439–58.


  1. Michael Pollan, The omnivore’s dilemma: a natural history of four meals (New York: Penguin, 2006), 99–100.
  2. Pollan, omnivore’s dilemma, 3.

Pollan, Michael. The omnivore’s dilemma: a natural history of four meals. New York: Penguin, 2006.

Chapter in book

  1. John D. Kelly, ‘Seeing red: Mao fetishism, Pax Americana and the moral economy of war,’ in Anthropology and global counterinsurgency, ed. John D. Kelly et al. (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010), 77.
  2. Kelly, ‘Seeing red,’ 81–82.

Kelly, John D. ‘Seeing red: Mao fetishism, Pax Americana and the moral economy of war.’ In Anthropology and global counterinsurgency, edited by John D. Kelly, Beatrice Jauregui, Sean T. Mitchell and Jeremy Walton, 67–83. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010.


Tuhinga is available online in full colour and colour, black and white. Line images to illustrate a paper are welcomed. Please follow the below image requirements and contact Te Papa Press if you have any queries.

Contact Te Papa


All images must be provided in one of the following formats:

a) original artwork, including good-quality photographic prints

b) photographic negatives or colour transparencies

c) high-resolution digital files with a minimum resolution of 350dpi.

Digital images

Digital image files must be available as TIFF or EPS files. PDFs and JPGs can be used in your original submission but must be resupplied as high-resolution image files when required.

All images, charts and diagrams need to be provided separately in their original format – not pasted into a Word document.

If line art (maps, graphs, charts, etc.) are provided electronically, they must be at 1200dpi and saved as bitmap TIFF images or vector images (Illustrator or FreeHand files).

Location of images within your article

Contributors must indicate:

  • where in the text an illustration should go
  • what size it should be
  • which way it should face
  • whether it should run in colour, if this is possible
  • any other relevant information.

Please mark the approximate position of each illustration in the text in the form:  <Figure 1 here>.


Digital cameras, scanners and monitors all operate at different colour settings. If colour accuracy is critical, please provide a colour-accurate digital (Epson) proof with your submission.


Authors are responsible for seeking permission to reproduce any images within their paper and will cover any related costs. It is helpful if images suitable for promotional use can also have relevant clearance.

In-house authors

To ensure a smooth process for Te Papa’s Imaging Team, we ask that you please follow these guidelines when seeking images:

  • Clearly state that the images you are asking for will be used in Tuhinga.
  • Try to request all of your images at one time. If there is more than one author for the article, try to collate your image requests and specify that the images are for a ‘joint paper, with [name]’.
  • The imaging team needs as much information as possible. This includes:
    • the accession number
    • the MA number (if you are happy with the image supplied on KeEMu and don’t require any change to it)
    • a note for any new photography indicating that it should be in Tuhinga style (photographed to publication style on a white background)
    • any notes on how you would like an object to be photographed, such as whether a group shot is required or a certain angle should be used.

In-house authors should discuss their research budget for any image or permission fees with their manager or senior curator.

Contact us

If you have further questions about submitting a paper to Tuhinga, please contact Te Papa.

Email: tuhinga@tepapa.govt.nz
Phone: +64 (0)4 381 7470
Fax: +64 (0)4 381 7230
Postal address:
Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa
PO Box 467 Cable Street
Wellington 6011
New Zealand