The pūtōrino (bugle flute) is shaped like the cocoon of the case moth (tūngou ngou). It is said to possess both female and male ‘voices’. Some instruments emit a third voice, said to be a wairua
wairuaspiritualMāori | Noun voice.
Pūtōrino are made from split and hollowed hardwood, sealed together with natural gums and bound by fine split vines.
Kōauau (flute), early 19th century, maker unknown. Oldman Collection. Gift of the New Zealand Government, 1992. Te Papa (OL000035)
Hine Raukatauri is the spiritual entity for Māori flutes. She is a daughter of Tānemahuta. The sound is an attempt to replicate the sound made by the empty cocoon of the case moth.
Hue (calabash), 1800-1900, maker unknown. Bequest of Kenneth Athol Webster, 1971. Te Papa (WE000901)
Hine Pū te Hue is the spiritual entity for the hue. She is associated with calming storms, and the sounds created from the hue are soothing and peaceful, like the spirit of Hine Pū te Hue – a daughter of Tānemahuta (god of the forests and birds).
The hue is a marrow-like vegetable that was brought to Aotearoa and cultivated by Māori. Dried and hollowed gourds were used as containers for water and preserved food. Smaller ones were used as containers for perfume. Taonga puoroTaonga puoro Māori musical instruments were also made from hue, including the hue puruhau (pictured), kōauau pongaihu, poi āwhiowhio or ‘whistling gourd’, and hue puruwai.