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Watch: How to find the Matariki star cluster Mātakina: Me pēhea e kitea ai a Matariki

Educator Hauiti Gardiner shows you how to find the Matariki star cluster during the Māori New Year, which falls in the month of Pipiri (June–July).

Te reo Māori

Transcript

Kia ora!

Ka whakaatu ki a koutou me pēwhea te kimi i a Matariki mā ngā whetū e tohu ana i a ia.

Ko te marama o Piripi te wā tika mō te whitinga mai o Matariki hei te ata me te wāhanga o te marama o Tangaroa, te wāhanga toru hauwhā o te marama. 

Ko ēnei ngā āhuatanga e tohu ana i te Tau Hou Māori.

Mēnā ka ahu koe ki te rāwhiti ka kite koe i ngā whetū e toru e noho tapatahi ana.

Ko Orion’s Belt tēnei, ā, ko tōna ingoa kārangaranga ko The Pot.

Ki te iwi Māori, ko Tautoru te ingoa.

Mēnā ka tau koe ki te whetū o waenga o te kāhui o Tautoru, ā, ka ahu anō ki runga ki te whetū e tino pīataata mai ana, ko Puanga tērā.     

Ko Puanga tētahi whetū anō e mihi ana ki te Tau Hou Māori.

Kei tēnā iwi, kei tēnā iwi ō rātou ake tikanga.

Ki te ahu koe ki te taha matau o Tautoru ka tae koe ki te whetū pīataata rawa atu.

Ko Hinetakurua tērā.

Ko Hinetakurua tētahi o ngā wāhine a Tamanuiterā.

Ki te ahu koe ki te taha mauī ka kite koe i tētahi tapatoru i te rangi, ko Te Kokotā tērā.

Ko te mata o Taurus the Bull anō hoki tērā.

Ā, ki te ahu anō koe ki te taha mauī ka kite koe i a Matariki.

English

Transcript

Kia ora!

I’m going to show you a technique of how to find Matariki by using other identifiable stars as markers.

The rising of Matariki is observed in the month of Pipiri – around June and July – in the morning sky during the lunar phases of Tangaroa, the last quarter phase of the moon.

These events mark the Māori New Year.

If you look east in the early morning sky you will find three stars in a row.

This is Orion’s Belt, often known as The Pot.

Māori call this Tautoru.

Now go to the middle star in Tautoru. Above it you will find a bright star called Puanga.

Puanga is another star that is used to observe and acknowledge the new year. This varies from iwi to iwi.

If you go right from Tautoru, you will find the brightest star in the sky, Hinetakurua, the Winter Maiden.

Hinetakurua is one of the wives of Tamanuiterā, the sun.

If you go left from Tautoru you will find a pyramid shape in the sky, Te Kokotā. It is the face of Taurus the Bull.

Then if you go left a little bit more you will see Matariki.